DRY STONE HUTS AND PRIVATE PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE 1st HALF
OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
by Christian Lassure
Document N. 1
Sunday outing at Theizé, Rhône, in 1903
An extremely rare document: a private photograph, dated 1903, showing a number
of people in their Sunday best on a visit to a winegrower's dry stone hut.
The scene takes place in the territory of Theizé in the Rhône département.
The visitors are posing outside a cabane that is still extant today,
"the cabane with the cross". On one side of the pavilion-shaped roof,
a cross made of embedded white limestone blocks stands out against the
background of ochre limestone - the local pierre dorée (golden stone).
The menfolk wear boaters, the young ladies are in their white dresses, with an
escort of chaperons. One of the men has perched himself on top of the roof edge,
along with his dog.
In those days of limited mobility,
small rural edifices such as cabanes, cabanons, maisonnettes des
champs, vide-bouteilles, grangettes, masets, etc., were
for many a city dwelling owner a pretext for an outing, or even a weekend
Credit: Photo published in René Corgé's Constructions en pierre
sèche en Beaujolais. Les cabanes de Theizé, in L'architecture vernaculaire,
vol 7, 1983, pp. 20-31, notably p. 31.
Document N. 2
Burgundian winegrower outside his loge (south of Auxerre, Yonne), in 1936
A private photo belonging to Mr. Jean Guilly and showing his father, a
winegrower, posing outside his dry stone loge, south of Auxerre in the
Yonne département, in 1936.
A small-sized affair, no more than
5 or 6 metres in inside circumference, the Auxerrois winegrower's lodge barely managed
to accomodate his family when they accompanied him to work in the fields. The
lodge was fitted with a small niche for the saccot or knife for
In times of urgent work, the winegrower
would spend several several days in his vineyard, sleeping in the lodge. He would go there, too, on
a Sunday, in his best clothes, to ascertain the size of the crop and the
maturity of the grapes.
Credit: Photo used as a model
for the ink-and-pen drawing found in Jean Guilly's Cabanes et mergers d'un vignoble disparu au sud
d'Auxerre (Yonne), in L'architecture rurale en pierre sèche, vol. 2, 1978,
pages 181-185, more particularly page 185.
Document N. 3
The President and Miss Capitelle (1923)
This photograph, dated 1923 and showing
the back of a dry stone hut, features
none other than Gaston Doumergue, who was to be President of the French Republic
between 1924 and 1931.
It is worth noting that this great figure, a native of
the gardoise region of Vaunage, had developed a passion for the humble dry stone capitelles
at a time when these were no longer (or not yet) fashionable. It is no wonder
then that he should be seen posing outside one of them, located at Boissières,
his native village. The building is still extant today.
Credit: Photo published in
1/ Aimé Longuet, Les capitelles des garrigues gardoises, in Folklore de France,
30e année, 1979, N. 167-168, pages 11-17, in particular page 14 ;
2/ Claude Bouet, Le système "pierre sèche" : les bocages lithiques
des garrigues du bas Languedoc, Pierre Sèche et Patrimoine aubaisien - Ministère
de l'Environnement, polycopié, June 1997, 480 p., in particular p. 450 (plus
commentaries pages 397 and 412).
Document N. 4
The novelist, the poet and the sheep shelter (1942)
In the foreground of this precious
photo taken in 1942 in upper Provence, writer Jean Giono (left) and poet
Lucien Jacques (right) are seen conversing cheerfully outside a dry stone
The building consists of two parts:
- to the right, the sheep shelter proper with a two-sided roof of stone tiles
and a front opening topped with an arch of voussoirs ;
- to the left, a lean-to affair, built against the sheep shelter's lower wall and fitted with
a pedestrian entrance and a smokestack (the shepherd's lodge).
The hollowed-out tree trunk lying
across the slope is just a makeshift trough intended for the sheep.
Considering that, before the 2nd World War,
Jean Giono had taken up residence at the farm of Les Graves near Contadour (in
what was then the Basses-Alpes département), the scene is most likely set
in the Montagne de Lure. As a matter of fact, the sheep shelter in the picture is
the "jas de Bouscarle" at La Rochegiron in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
départment (an indication kindly supplied by Mr. Bruno Bouscarle on November
Credit: Photo of unspecified origin (to date).
Document N. 5 :
Cayrou with spiral ramp at Padirac, Lot (late 19th century)
This photo, taken at Padirac, in the Lot
département, at the end of the 19th century, is of exceptional
interest insofar as it exhibits a built-up stone heap, or cayrou, of
outstanding size, that is shaped like a truncated cone and fitted with a
The edge of the ramp leading to the
summit is topped with big, heavy stone blocks intended to prevent the stones of
the upper layer of masonry from being dislodged by visitors treading on them.
Credit: Photo belonging to the Société des Etudes du Lot.
The stone heap is still visible today, though in a state of disrepair. The upper
part of the truncated cone has crumbled into a shapeless mass, as shown by a
photo published in a local magazine.
By some ironical twist, this vanishng cayrou
is described by the author of the article as a "formless heap"
"in the process of structuring itself", half way between "the
primordial cayrou lacking organization" and "the truly
Credit: Photo published in the July-September 1996 issue of Quercy-Recherche.
To print, use landscape mode
December 24th, 2003 - Updated on July 2nd, 2004
- November 4th, 2011
be referenced as :
Dry stone huts and private photographs of the 1st half of the twentieth centuy